Spinal surgery is a medical specialty that involves the surgical treatment of conditions affecting the spinal column, including the vertebrae, discs, nerves, and soft tissues. Spinal surgery can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, spinal fractures, degenerative disc disease, and spinal deformities such as scoliosis. The procedures used in spinal surgery vary depending on the specific condition being treated, but may include decompression surgery, which involves removing portions of the vertebrae to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves, or fusion surgery, which involves joining two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine. Spinal surgery is typically performed by a neurosurgeon or an orthopedic surgeon who has specialized training in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of spinal conditions. The goal of spinal surgery is to relieve pain, improve spinal stability, and restore normal function to the spine and related nerves.
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