Brain tumors are abnormal growths of cells within the brain. There are two main types of brain tumors: primary brain tumors, which originate within the brain itself, and metastatic brain tumors, which originate in other parts of the body and spread to the brain. Brain tumors can be either benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous), and their symptoms and treatment options can vary depending on their location and size.
Some common symptoms of brain tumors include headaches, seizures, changes in vision or hearing, weakness or numbness on one side of the body, changes in personality or mood, and difficulty with speech or coordination. The diagnosis of a brain tumor usually involves imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans, followed by a biopsy to determine the type of tumor.
The treatment of a brain tumor may involve a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, depending on the size and location of the tumor and whether it is benign or malignant. The goal of treatment is to remove as much of the tumor as possible while minimizing damage to the surrounding brain tissue. The management of symptoms and supportive care is also an important part of the treatment of brain tumors. Treatment is often provided by a team of healthcare professionals, including neurosurgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, and other specialists.
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